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The most interesting islands of the Gulf of Finland

The most interesting islands of the Gulf of Finland

There are many islands in the Gulf of Finland. However, only a few Petersburgers will be able to name any islands, except for the island of Kotlin, on which Kronstadt is located. However, there are very interesting and beautiful islands. In this article we will introduce you to some of them.

1. The island of Hogland.

This small granite island located in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland is one of the most famous islands of the Gulf of Finland.

Here, on the island, stone age sites and sacred objects were discovered, whose age is 5-7 thousand years BC.
On the island in 1900 Popov conducted the first practical radio communication sessions - to serve the rescue expedition to remove the battleship General Admiral Apraksin from the stones.

Before the revolution, Hogland was one of the most popular places for yachting, although the island is considered one of the most dangerous places in the Baltic for shipping, the locals have long been considered excellent sailors and were willingly hired by sailors on sailing ships.

2. Transund (Vysotsky) archipelago.

The island is located in the Vyborg Bay, for a long time it was known only to connoisseurs of history and hams. In the middle of the XIX century, Russian fortifications were erected here, from the 1917 century and until the Second World War, the Finnish artillery battery was located. At the turn of the XIX - XX centuries, Alexander Popov tested his wireless telegraph on the islands of the archipelago, and from 1963 to 2012 the island of Maly Vysotsky was leased from Finland. During this period, specialized expeditions to Maly Vysotsky, which did not belong to Finland, but temporarily did not belong to Russia, and where a special call sign was used for communication sessions, were popular among amateur radio enthusiasts.

3. Sommers.

This rocky island of Peter the Great gave his buffoon Jan Lacoste along with the mocking title of "Samoyed King." It is located in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland. After this gift, the jester began to appear at balls in a tall tin crown. After the death of Tsar Lacoste, he lost his possessions, as it turned out that the ruble was attached instead of the press to the letter of Peter the Great on the island.

In June 1942 Sommers, captured by Finnish troops, was ill-conceived landed marines. A desperate battle lasted three days. Of the one and a half thousand Red Navy men who landed on this piece of land, no one survived. The island was liberated only after Finland left the war in 1944.

4. Powerful island.

This is a fairly large island. Until 1917 the island was densely populated, a fleet of 80 ships was based here, transporting goods between Russia, Finland and Sweden. After Finland gained independence, traffic fell sharply, and the island became one of the smuggling points. Now on the island there is only a small border post with a radio post and a post for lighting the surface and underwater conditions of the Leningrad Naval Base.

5. Big Tyuters and Small Tyuters.

Two islands are located in the central part of the Gulf of Finland. Greater Tyuters has long been known as the “island of death," since the Germans mined it during World War II. Several attempts were made to clear the island, but only the last seventh was successful. In 2005 Russian and Swedish experts neutralized more than 30 thousand explosive items. There are lighthouses on both islands; attendants are the only inhabitants of the islands. At Little Tyuters there is a ringed seal.

6. The island of Lysy.

One of the calmest and greenest islands, lost in Klyuchevskoy Bay, Vyborgsky District. Here beautiful forests with a bunch of mushrooms and berries, clean beaches, along which all kinds of fish swim and spawn, have been preserved. And since there are no reserved restrictions, the island is a fairly popular holiday destination, only local residents increasingly complain about poachers and uncultured tourists.

7. Virgin Islands.

The Gulf of Finland has its own Virgin Islands. South Virgin is especially interesting, where there is a mysterious round pebble labyrinth composed by ancient people. This labyrinth is called Paris: some say that it is in honor of the tangled Parisian streets, others that this name comes from the Swedish word Paris, that is, a church parish, and reflects the sacred essence of this place.

14 май 2020 /
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